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Class java.util.Vector

java.lang.Object
   |
   +----java.util.Vector

public class Vector
extends Object
implements Cloneable, Serializable
The Vector class implements a growable array of objects. Like an array, it contains components that can be accessed using an integer index. However, the size of a Vector can grow or shrink as needed to accommodate adding and removing items after the Vector has been created.

Each vector tries to optimize storage management by maintaining a capacity and a capacityIncrement. The capacity is always at least as large as the vector size; it is usually larger because as components are added to the vector, the vector's storage increases in chunks the size of capacityIncrement. An application can increase the capacity of a vector before inserting a large number of components; this reduces the amount of incremental reallocation.


Variable Index

 o capacityIncrement
The amount by which the capacity of the vector is automatically incremented when its size becomes greater than its capacity.
 o elementCount
The number of valid components in the vector.
 o elementData
The array buffer into which the components of the vector are stored.

Constructor Index

 o Vector()
Constructs an empty vector.
 o Vector(int)
Constructs an empty vector with the specified initial capacity.
 o Vector(int, int)
Constructs an empty vector with the specified initial capacity and capacity increment.

Method Index

 o addElement(Object)
Adds the specified component to the end of this vector, increasing its size by one.
 o capacity()
Returns the current capacity of this vector.
 o clone()
Returns a clone of this vector.
 o contains(Object)
Tests if the specified object is a component in this vector.
 o copyInto(Object[])
Copies the components of this vector into the specified array.
 o elementAt(int)
Returns the component at the specified index.
 o elements()
Returns an enumeration of the components of this vector.
 o ensureCapacity(int)
Increases the capacity of this vector, if necessary, to ensure that it can hold at least the number of components specified by the minimum capacity argument.
 o firstElement()
Returns the first component of this vector.
 o indexOf(Object)
Searches for the first occurence of the given argument, testing for equality using the equals method.
 o indexOf(Object, int)
Searches for the first occurence of the given argument, beginning the search at index, and testing for equality using the equals method.
 o insertElementAt(Object, int)
Inserts the specified object as a component in this vector at the specified index.
 o isEmpty()
Tests if this vector has no components.
 o lastElement()
Returns the last component of the vector.
 o lastIndexOf(Object)
Returns the index of the last occurrence of the specified object in this vector.
 o lastIndexOf(Object, int)
Searches backwards for the specified object, starting from the specified index, and returns an index to it.
 o removeAllElements()
Removes all components from this vector and sets its size to zero.
 o removeElement(Object)
Removes the first occurrence of the argument from this vector.
 o removeElementAt(int)
Deletes the component at the specified index.
 o setElementAt(Object, int)
Sets the component at the specified index of this vector to be the specified object.
 o setSize(int)
Sets the size of this vector.
 o size()
Returns the number of components in this vector.
 o toString()
Returns a string representation of this vector.
 o trimToSize()
Trims the capacity of this vector to be the vector's current size.

Variables

 o elementData
 protected Object elementData[]
The array buffer into which the components of the vector are stored. The capacity of the vector is the length of this array buffer.

 o elementCount
 protected int elementCount
The number of valid components in the vector.

 o capacityIncrement
 protected int capacityIncrement
The amount by which the capacity of the vector is automatically incremented when its size becomes greater than its capacity. If the capacity increment is 0, the capacity of the vector is doubled each time it needs to grow.

Constructors

 o Vector
 public Vector(int initialCapacity,
               int capacityIncrement)
Constructs an empty vector with the specified initial capacity and capacity increment.

Parameters:
initialCapacity - the initial capacity of the vector.
capacityIncrement - the amount by which the capacity is increased when the vector overflows.
 o Vector
 public Vector(int initialCapacity)
Constructs an empty vector with the specified initial capacity.

Parameters:
initialCapacity - the initial capacity of the vector.
 o Vector
 public Vector()
Constructs an empty vector.

Methods

 o copyInto
 public final synchronized void copyInto(Object anArray[])
Copies the components of this vector into the specified array. The array must be big enough to hold all the objects in this vector.

Parameters:
anArray - the array into which the components get copied.
 o trimToSize
 public final synchronized void trimToSize()
Trims the capacity of this vector to be the vector's current size. An application can use this operation to minimize the storage of a vector.

 o ensureCapacity
 public final synchronized void ensureCapacity(int minCapacity)
Increases the capacity of this vector, if necessary, to ensure that it can hold at least the number of components specified by the minimum capacity argument.

Parameters:
minCapacity - the desired minimum capacity.
 o setSize
 public final synchronized void setSize(int newSize)
Sets the size of this vector. If the new size is greater than the current size, new null items are added to the end of the vector. If the new size is less than the current size, all components at index newSize and greater are discarded.

Parameters:
newSize - the new size of this vector.
 o capacity
 public final int capacity()
Returns the current capacity of this vector.

Returns:
the current capacity of this vector.
 o size
 public final int size()
Returns the number of components in this vector.

Returns:
the number of components in this vector.
 o isEmpty
 public final boolean isEmpty()
Tests if this vector has no components.

Returns:
true if this vector has no components; false otherwise.
 o elements
 public final synchronized Enumeration elements()
Returns an enumeration of the components of this vector.

Returns:
an enumeration of the components of this vector.
See Also:
Enumeration
 o contains
 public final boolean contains(Object elem)
Tests if the specified object is a component in this vector.

Parameters:
elem - an object.
Returns:
true if the specified object is a component in this vector; false otherwise.
 o indexOf
 public final int indexOf(Object elem)
Searches for the first occurence of the given argument, testing for equality using the equals method.

Parameters:
elem - an object.
Returns:
the index of the first occurrence of the argument in this vector; returns -1 if the object is not found.
See Also:
equals
 o indexOf
 public final synchronized int indexOf(Object elem,
                                       int index)
Searches for the first occurence of the given argument, beginning the search at index, and testing for equality using the equals method.

Parameters:
elem - an object.
index - the index to start searching from.
Returns:
the index of the first occurrence of the object argument in this vector at position index or later in the vector; returns -1 if the object is not found.
See Also:
equals
 o lastIndexOf
 public final int lastIndexOf(Object elem)
Returns the index of the last occurrence of the specified object in this vector.

Parameters:
elem - the desired component.
Returns:
the index of the last occurrence of the specified object in this vector; returns -1 if the object is not found.
 o lastIndexOf
 public final synchronized int lastIndexOf(Object elem,
                                           int index)
Searches backwards for the specified object, starting from the specified index, and returns an index to it.

Parameters:
elem - the desired component.
index - the index to start searching from.
Returns:
the index of the last occurrence of the specified object in this vector at position less than index in the vector; -1 if the object is not found.
 o elementAt
 public final synchronized Object elementAt(int index)
Returns the component at the specified index.

Parameters:
index - an index into this vector.
Returns:
the component at the specified index.
Throws: ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsException
if an invalid index was given.
 o firstElement
 public final synchronized Object firstElement()
Returns the first component of this vector.

Returns:
the first component of this vector.
Throws: NoSuchElementException
if this vector has no components.
 o lastElement
 public final synchronized Object lastElement()
Returns the last component of the vector.

Returns:
the last component of the vector, i.e., the component at index size() - 1.
Throws: NoSuchElementException
if this vector is empty.
 o setElementAt
 public final synchronized void setElementAt(Object obj,
                                             int index)
Sets the component at the specified index of this vector to be the specified object. The previous component at that position is discarded.

The index must be a value greater than or equal to 0 and less than the current size of the vector.

Parameters:
obj - what the component is to be set to.
index - the specified index.
Throws: ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsException
if the index was invalid.
See Also:
size
 o removeElementAt
 public final synchronized void removeElementAt(int index)
Deletes the component at the specified index. Each component in this vector with an index greater or equal to the specified index is shifted downward to have an index one smaller than the value it had previously.

The index must be a value greater than or equal to 0 and less than the current size of the vector.

Parameters:
index - the index of the object to remove.
Throws: ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsException
if the index was invalid.
See Also:
size
 o insertElementAt
 public final synchronized void insertElementAt(Object obj,
                                                int index)
Inserts the specified object as a component in this vector at the specified index. Each component in this vector with an index greater or equal to the specified index is shifted upward to have an index one greater than the value it had previously.

The index must be a value greater than or equal to 0 and less than or equal to the current size of the vector.

Parameters:
obj - the component to insert.
index - where to insert the new component.
Throws: ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsException
if the index was invalid.
See Also:
size
 o addElement
 public final synchronized void addElement(Object obj)
Adds the specified component to the end of this vector, increasing its size by one. The capacity of this vector is increased if its size becomes greater than its capacity.

Parameters:
obj - the component to be added.
 o removeElement
 public final synchronized boolean removeElement(Object obj)
Removes the first occurrence of the argument from this vector. If the object is found in this vector, each component in the vector with an index greater or equal to the object's index is shifted downward to have an index one smaller than the value it had previously.

Parameters:
obj - the component to be removed.
Returns:
true if the argument was a component of this vector; false otherwise.
 o removeAllElements
 public final synchronized void removeAllElements()
Removes all components from this vector and sets its size to zero.

 o clone
 public synchronized Object clone()
Returns a clone of this vector.

Returns:
a clone of this vector.
Overrides:
clone in class Object
 o toString
 public final synchronized String toString()
Returns a string representation of this vector.

Returns:
a string representation of this vector.
Overrides:
toString in class Object

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