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Class java.awt.ScrollPane

java.lang.Object
   |
   +----java.awt.Component
           |
           +----java.awt.Container
                   |
                   +----java.awt.ScrollPane

public class ScrollPane
extends Container
A container class which implements automatic horizontal and/or vertical scrolling for a single child component. The display policy for the scrollbars can be set to:
  1. as needed: scrollbars created and shown only when needed by scrollpane
  2. always: scrollbars created and always shown by the scrollpane
  3. never: scrollbars never created or shown by the scrollpane

The state of the horizontal and vertical scrollbars is represented by two objects (one for each dimension) which implement the Adjustable interface. The API provides methods to access those objects such that the attributes on the Adjustable object (such as unitIncrement, value, etc.) can be manipulated.

Certain adjustable properties (minimum, maximum, blockIncrement, and visibleAmount) are set internally by the scrollpane in accordance with the geometry of the scrollpane and its child and these should not be set by programs using the scrollpane.

If the scrollbar display policy is defined as "never", then the scrollpane can still be programmatically scrolled using the setScrollPosition() method and the scrollpane will move and clip the child's contents appropriately. This policy is useful if the program needs to create and manage its own adjustable controls.

The placement of the scrollbars is controlled by platform-specific properties set by the user outside of the program.

The initial size of this container is set to 100x100, but can be reset using setSize().

Insets are used to define any space used by scrollbars and any borders created by the scroll pane. getInsets() can be used to get the current value for the insets. If the value of scrollbarsAlwaysVisible is false, then the value of the insets will change dynamically depending on whether the scrollbars are currently visible or not.


Variable Index

 o SCROLLBARS_ALWAYS
Specifies that horizontal/vertical scrollbars should always be shown regardless of the respective sizes of the scrollpane and child.
 o SCROLLBARS_AS_NEEDED
Specifies that horizontal/vertical scrollbar should be shown only when the size of the child exceeds the size of the scrollpane in the horizontal/vertical dimension.
 o SCROLLBARS_NEVER
Specifies that horizontal/vertical scrollbars should never be shown regardless of the respective sizes of the scrollpane and child.

Constructor Index

 o ScrollPane()
Create a new scrollpane container with a scrollbar display policy of "as needed".
 o ScrollPane(int)
Create a new scrollpane container.

Method Index

 o addImpl(Component, Object, int)
Adds the specified component to this scroll pane container.
 o addNotify()
Creates the scroll pane's peer.
 o doLayout()
Lays out this container by resizing its child to its preferred size.
 o getHAdjustable()
Returns the Adjustable object which represents the state of the horizontal scrollbar.
 o getHScrollbarHeight()
Returns the height that would be occupied by a horizontal scrollbar, which is independent of whether it is currently displayed by the scroll pane or not.
 o getScrollbarDisplayPolicy()
Returns the display policy for the scrollbars.
 o getScrollPosition()
Returns the current x,y position within the child which is displayed at the 0,0 location of the scrolled panel's view port.
 o getVAdjustable()
Returns the Adjustable object which represents the state of the vertical scrollbar.
 o getViewportSize()
Returns the current size of the scroll pane's view port.
 o getVScrollbarWidth()
Returns the width that would be occupied by a vertical scrollbar, which is independent of whether it is currently displayed by the scroll pane or not.
 o layout()
Deprecated.
 o paramString()
Returns the parameter string representing the state of this container.
 o printComponents(Graphics)
Prints the component in this scroll pane.
 o setLayout(LayoutManager)
Sets the layout manager for this container.
 o setScrollPosition(int, int)
Scrolls to the specified position within the child component.
 o setScrollPosition(Point)
Scrolls to the specified position within the child component.

Variables

 o SCROLLBARS_AS_NEEDED
 public static final int SCROLLBARS_AS_NEEDED
Specifies that horizontal/vertical scrollbar should be shown only when the size of the child exceeds the size of the scrollpane in the horizontal/vertical dimension.

 o SCROLLBARS_ALWAYS
 public static final int SCROLLBARS_ALWAYS
Specifies that horizontal/vertical scrollbars should always be shown regardless of the respective sizes of the scrollpane and child.

 o SCROLLBARS_NEVER
 public static final int SCROLLBARS_NEVER
Specifies that horizontal/vertical scrollbars should never be shown regardless of the respective sizes of the scrollpane and child.

Constructors

 o ScrollPane
 public ScrollPane()
Create a new scrollpane container with a scrollbar display policy of "as needed".

 o ScrollPane
 public ScrollPane(int scrollbarDisplayPolicy)
Create a new scrollpane container.

Parameters:
scrollbarDisplayPolicy - policy for when scrollbars should be shown

Methods

 o addImpl
 protected final void addImpl(Component comp,
                              Object constraints,
                              int index)
Adds the specified component to this scroll pane container. If the scroll pane has an existing child component, that component is removed and the new one is added.

Parameters:
comp - the component to be added
constraints - not applicable
index - position of child component (must be <= 0)
Overrides:
addImpl in class Container
 o getScrollbarDisplayPolicy
 public int getScrollbarDisplayPolicy()
Returns the display policy for the scrollbars.

Returns:
the display policy for the scrollbars
 o getViewportSize
 public Dimension getViewportSize()
Returns the current size of the scroll pane's view port.

Returns:
the size of the view port in pixels
 o getHScrollbarHeight
 public int getHScrollbarHeight()
Returns the height that would be occupied by a horizontal scrollbar, which is independent of whether it is currently displayed by the scroll pane or not.

Returns:
the height of a horizontal scrollbar in pixels
 o getVScrollbarWidth
 public int getVScrollbarWidth()
Returns the width that would be occupied by a vertical scrollbar, which is independent of whether it is currently displayed by the scroll pane or not.

Returns:
the width of a vertical scrollbar in pixels
 o getVAdjustable
 public Adjustable getVAdjustable()
Returns the Adjustable object which represents the state of the vertical scrollbar. If the scrollbar display policy is "never", this method returns null.

 o getHAdjustable
 public Adjustable getHAdjustable()
Returns the Adjustable object which represents the state of the horizontal scrollbar. If the scrollbar display policy is "never", this method returns null.

 o setScrollPosition
 public void setScrollPosition(int x,
                               int y)
Scrolls to the specified position within the child component. A call to this method is only valid if the scroll pane contains a child. Specifying a position outside of the legal scrolling bounds of the child will scroll to the closest legal position. Legal bounds are defined to be the rectangle: x = 0, y = 0, width = (child width - view port width), height = (child height - view port height). This is a convenience method which interfaces with the Adjustable objects which represent the state of the scrollbars.

Parameters:
x - the x position to scroll to
y - the y position to scroll to
Throws: IllegalArgumentException
if specified coordinates are not within the legal scrolling bounds of the child component.
 o setScrollPosition
 public void setScrollPosition(Point p)
Scrolls to the specified position within the child component. A call to this method is only valid if the scroll pane contains a child and the specified position is within legal scrolling bounds of the child. Legal bounds are defined to be the rectangle: x = 0, y = 0, width = (child width - view port width), height = (child height - view port height). This is a convenience method which interfaces with the Adjustable objects which represent the state of the scrollbars.

Parameters:
p - the Point representing the position to scroll to
Throws: IllegalArgumentException
if specified coordinates are not within the legal scrolling bounds of the child component.
 o getScrollPosition
 public Point getScrollPosition()
Returns the current x,y position within the child which is displayed at the 0,0 location of the scrolled panel's view port. This is a convenience method which interfaces with the adjustable objects which represent the state of the scrollbars.

Returns:
the coordinate position for the current scroll position
 o setLayout
 public final void setLayout(LayoutManager mgr)
Sets the layout manager for this container. This method is overridden to prevent the layout mgr from being set.

Parameters:
mgr - the specified layout manager
Overrides:
setLayout in class Container
 o doLayout
 public void doLayout()
Lays out this container by resizing its child to its preferred size. If the new preferred size of the child causes the current scroll position to be invalid, the scroll position is set to the closest valid position.

Overrides:
doLayout in class Container
See Also:
validate
 o layout
 public void layout()
Note: layout() is deprecated. As of JDK version 1.1, replaced by doLayout().

Overrides:
layout in class Container
 o printComponents
 public void printComponents(Graphics g)
Prints the component in this scroll pane.

Parameters:
g - the specified Graphics window
Overrides:
printComponents in class Container
See Also:
print, printAll
 o addNotify
 public void addNotify()
Creates the scroll pane's peer.

Overrides:
addNotify in class Container
 o paramString
 public String paramString()
Returns the parameter string representing the state of this container.

Overrides:
paramString in class Container

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