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Class java.awt.Menu

java.lang.Object
   |
   +----java.awt.MenuComponent
           |
           +----java.awt.MenuItem
                   |
                   +----java.awt.Menu

public class Menu
extends MenuItem
implements MenuContainer
A Menu object is a pull-down menu component that is deployed from a menu bar.

A menu can optionally be a tear-off menu. A tear-off menu can be opened and dragged away from its parent menu bar or menu. It remains on the screen after the mouse button has been released. The mechanism for tearing off a menu is platform dependent, since the look and feel of the tear-off menu is determined by its peer. On platforms that do not support tear-off menus, the tear-off property is ignored.

Each item in a menu must belong to the MenuItem class. It can be an instance of MenuItem, a submenu (an instance of Menu), or a check box (an instance of CheckboxMenuItem).

See Also:
MenuItem, CheckboxMenuItem

Constructor Index

 o Menu()
Constructs a new menu with an empty label.
 o Menu(String)
Constructs a new menu with the specified label.
 o Menu(String, boolean)
Constructs a new menu with the specified label.

Method Index

 o add(MenuItem)
Adds the specified menu item to this menu.
 o add(String)
Adds an item with the specified label to this menu.
 o addNotify()
Creates the menu's peer.
 o addSeparator()
Adds a separator line, or a hypen, to the menu at the current position.
 o countItems()
Deprecated.
 o getItem(int)
Gets the item located at the specified index of this menu.
 o getItemCount()
Get the number of items in this menu.
 o insert(MenuItem, int)
Inserts a menu item into this menu at the specified position.
 o insert(String, int)
Inserts a menu item with the specified label into this menu at the specified position.
 o insertSeparator(int)
Inserts a separator at the specified position.
 o isTearOff()
Indicates whether this menu is a tear-off menu.
 o paramString()
Gets the parameter string representing the state of this menu.
 o remove(int)
Removes the menu item at the specified index from this menu.
 o remove(MenuComponent)
Removes the specified menu item from this menu.
 o removeAll()
Removes all items from this menu.
 o removeNotify()
Removes the menu's peer.

Constructors

 o Menu
 public Menu()
Constructs a new menu with an empty label. This menu is not a tear-off menu.

 o Menu
 public Menu(String label)
Constructs a new menu with the specified label. This menu is not a tear-off menu.

Parameters:
label - the menu's label in the menu bar, or in another menu of which this menu is a submenu.
 o Menu
 public Menu(String label,
             boolean tearOff)
Constructs a new menu with the specified label. If the value of tearOff is true, the menu can be torn off.

Tear-off functionality may not be supported by all implementations of AWT. If a particular implementation doesn't support tear-off menus, this value is silently ignored.

Parameters:
label - the menu's label in the menu bar, or in another menu of which this menu is a submenu.
tearOff - if true, the menu is a tear-off menu.

Methods

 o addNotify
 public void addNotify()
Creates the menu's peer. The peer allows us to modify the appearance of the menu without changing its functionality.

Overrides:
addNotify in class MenuItem
 o removeNotify
 public void removeNotify()
Removes the menu's peer. The peer allows us to modify the appearance of the menu without changing its functionality.

Overrides:
removeNotify in class MenuComponent
 o isTearOff
 public boolean isTearOff()
Indicates whether this menu is a tear-off menu.

Tear-off functionality may not be supported by all implementations of AWT. If a particular implementation doesn't support tear-off menus, this value is silently ignored.

Returns:
true if this is a tear-off menu; false otherwise.
 o getItemCount
 public int getItemCount()
Get the number of items in this menu.

Returns:
the number of items in this menu.
 o countItems
 public int countItems()
Note: countItems() is deprecated. As of JDK version 1.1, replaced by getItemCount().

 o getItem
 public MenuItem getItem(int index)
Gets the item located at the specified index of this menu.

Parameters:
index - the position of the item to be returned.
Returns:
the item located at the specified index.
 o add
 public MenuItem add(MenuItem mi)
Adds the specified menu item to this menu. If the menu item has been part of another menu, remove it from that menu.

Parameters:
mi - the menu item to be added.
Returns:
the menu item added.
See Also:
insert, insert
 o add
 public void add(String label)
Adds an item with the specified label to this menu.

Parameters:
label - the text on the item.
See Also:
insert, insert
 o insert
 public void insert(MenuItem menuitem,
                    int index)
Inserts a menu item into this menu at the specified position.

Parameters:
menuitem - the menu item to be inserted.
index - the position at which the menu item should be inserted.
Throws: IllegalArgumentException
if the value of index is less than zero.
See Also:
add, add
 o insert
 public void insert(String label,
                    int index)
Inserts a menu item with the specified label into this menu at the specified position.

Parameters:
label - the text on the item.
index - the position at which the menu item should be inserted.
See Also:
add, add
 o addSeparator
 public void addSeparator()
Adds a separator line, or a hypen, to the menu at the current position.

See Also:
insertSeparator
 o insertSeparator
 public void insertSeparator(int index)
Inserts a separator at the specified position.

Parameters:
index - the position at which the menu separator should be inserted.
Throws: IllegalArgumentException
if the value of index is less than 0.
See Also:
addSeparator
 o remove
 public void remove(int index)
Removes the menu item at the specified index from this menu.

Parameters:
index - the position of the item to be removed.
 o remove
 public void remove(MenuComponent item)
Removes the specified menu item from this menu.

Parameters:
item - the item to be removed from the menu
 o removeAll
 public void removeAll()
Removes all items from this menu.

 o paramString
 public String paramString()
Gets the parameter string representing the state of this menu. This string is useful for debugging.

Overrides:
paramString in class MenuItem

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